horses history Copyright © 2007 bis 2017 by Meeries vom Egelsee


The history of horse:


Evolution of the Horse


Zebra

Probably the first ancestor of modern horses is a Hyracotherium, also known as Eohippus (ca.60-40 million years BC) that was as big as a fox in the woods and lived.
The second variant we called the Pliolophus Hyracotherium very similar to what.
Orohippus (about 50 million years BC) and Epihippus (about 47 million years BC) are considered the direct descendants.
The Mesohippus already had a shoulder height of about 60 inches preferred firmer and vegetable diet (about 40 million years BC).
Mesohippus emerged from the genus Miohippus the similarities with the one already present has horses (about 35 million years BC).

By climate change, as were the forests of open grassland, and the evolution of ancestral horses has been accelerated. The Merychippus was a meter high (about 18 million years BC) and the skull resembled that of a modern horse already.
The Merychippus is the ancestor of Hippotheriini, Hipparion, Hippotherium Equini and the ancestors of today's horse (about 15 million. Years before Christ).
From the Equini discussed included the genus Equus which includes today's wild horse (Equus ferus) is produced (about 2 million years BC).


The number of Equus and their family relationship are still not completely clarified, are safe:
  • Equus ferus: today's wild horse and as a species under our domestic horses
  • Equus asinus: the African species than among the donkeys and donkey
  • Equus hemionus: the Asian donkey belongs to among other things, the Kulan
  • Equus kiang : the Kiang is popular in Asia
  • grevyi Equus: the Grevy's zebra
  • Equus zebra: the mountain zebra
  • Equus quagga: the zebra

Domestication of the horse


The wild horses were first domesticated, probably 5000-3000 years BC.
Scientists assume that the person in different places, independently of the wild horses are harnessed.
In the early days of mankind was the horse, especially in warfare, the ancient people Assyrians, Hittites, Hyksos and Hurrian horses already use to about 1700 BC Kriegsführng.
Only in the Middle Ages, the horse broke from the oxen in agriculture, the performance of the horses was much greater, which revolutionized agriculture.

The controlled breeding of horses began at this time, using exclusively reserved for the nobility and break in horses zuzüchten.
As the wild horses were extinct before their domestication in the Americas, the first horse chambers with the Europeans to America, the Indians who live the radically changed.
In Europe, horses are now zufinden in leisure and sports, rarely more than a workhorse.
Even as a meat producer horses are still in high demand, over 100,000 tons in the EU alone.


General information about horses


Appaloosa

Horses are herd animals, with a herd consists of meheren mares and one stallion. Among the mares there is always a mare, in the wild, with danger leads the mare at the particular herd, the stallion is always at the end of the herd and drives the slow
animals. "; Great horses can be up to 30 years old, in individual cases even older. Ponies up to 50 years, with entertainment and race play a role.
The gestation period for horses is approximately 11 months. The mares are in heat every 21-24 days to maturity from the beginning 12 months, in some races later.


Names of Horses


Horses, a distinction among other things by size: big horse, small horses and ponies. Where a large horse has a stock measure of 148 cm.
Are owed to different horses for temperament: thoroughbred, half-breeds, warmbloods and draft horses. Info the body temperature is at all healthy horses between 37.5 ° C and 38.2 ° C.

  • Male horse stallion
  • castrated male horse gelding
  • female horse mare
  • horse foals up to one year
  • yearling horses in the first year of life
  • Klepper or jade for an emaciated old or weak horse



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